July 8, 2022Agency
11 FACTS ABOUT HURRICANES
- Hurricanes are large, spiraling tropical storms that can pack wind speeds of over 160 mph and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons of rain a day.
- The deadliest U.S. hurricane on record was a Category 4 storm that hit the island city of Galveston, Texas, on Sept. 8, 1900. Some 8,000 people lost their lives when the island was destroyed by 15-ft waves and 130-mph winds.
- Over 1/3 of cat and dog owners don’t have a disaster preparedness plan in place for their animals. Help neighbors and friends come up with a hurricane plan for their pets. Sign up for Save Our Pets.
- In the Atlantic, hurricane season starts June 1, while in the Pacific it starts May 15. Both end on November 30.
- When they come onto land, the heavy rain, strong winds and heavy waves can damage buildings, trees and cars. The heavy waves are called a storm surge.
- 40% of the hurricanes that occur in the United States hit Florida.
- The difference between a tropical storm and a hurricane is wind speed – tropical storms usually bring winds of 36 to 47 mph, whereas hurricane wind speeds are at least 74 mph.
- Hurricanes rotate in a counter-clockwise direction around the eye. The rotating storm clouds create the “eye wall,” which is the most destructive part of the storm.
- Hurricanes are classified into 5 categories, based on their wind speeds and potential to cause damage. Names can be “retired” if a hurricane has been really big and destructive. Retired names include Katrina, Andrew, Mitch and most recently Sandy.
- When the National Hurricane Center began giving official names to storms in 1953, they were all female. This practice of using only women’s names ended in 1978.
- The costliest hurricane to make landfall was Hurricane Katrina, a Category 5 storm that slammed Louisiana in August of 2005. Damages cost an estimated $108 billion.